The Dolomites are a Northern Italy mountain range part of the Oriental Alps which extend on the italian provinces of Belluno, Bozen, Pordenone, Trento and Udine.
The dolomitic group was named after the particular rock they are made of, the dolostone, discovered by the french scientist Déodat de Dolomieu at the end of the XVIII century. This stone contains a high level of mineral dolomite, which reflects lights and paints these natural architecture with shades from orange to purple, while during the day the rock is very pale and clear: for this reason, Dolomites are also known as the Pale Mountains.
The priceless natural heritage of the dolomitic region has been recognised by the Unesco Foundation in 2009. Moreover, the 200 km² Pale di San Martino area and the surrounding lands are preserved by the institution of the Parco Paneveggio – Pale di San Martino, a natural reserve which includes Val Canali, a part of the Val Venegia, the Paneveggio forest, and the eastern part of the large porphyry chain of Lagorai.